Pruning is the practice of selectively removing certain parts of a tree or plant.
Over time certain factors may necessitate the pruning of a tree, these include natural growth and dieback, storm damage, pests and diseases. In a town or city setting, trees may be pruned to facilitate traffic flow, the construction of buildings, to allow more light to enter an area or to improve the visual appearance of a tree-lined road.
All tree works are carried out to British Standard BS3998: 2010 Recommendations for Tree Work.
This is the removal of the extremities of the branches of a tree in order to reduce the height and/or spread of the crown of the tree whilst maintaining the tree’s natural shape as far as possible. Crown reduction is used to reduce stress on the tree, make the tree more suited to its immediate environment or to reduce the effects of shading and light loss.
Crown Lift or Crown Raise
Crown lifting is the removal of the lowest branches of the tree. This is carried out to increase light to areas closest to the tree or to give more access under the crown.
Crown thinning is the removal of a section of smaller branches, usually at the outer crown, to produce an even density of foliage throughout the crown around a balanced and attractive structure to the tree. This process is carried out to allow more light to pass through the tree and to reduce wind resistance.
Dead wooding is the dying off of branches or limbs within the crown of the tree. These branches or limbs may break off and remain in the tree or else fall to the ground, especially during storms or times of high winds. When carrying out dead wooding on a tree we remove the loose branch or limb from within the crown, thus leaving the tree in a more stable condition.